Start of the New Federal Overtime Rule Faces Opposition
The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to the Senate a bill that would delay the start of new federal overtime pay rules from December 1, 2016 to June 1, 2017. However, President Obama has indicated he will veto the bill if it hits his desk.
The House bill was introduced shortly after officials from 21 states filed suit in federal district court to block the changes.
The final overtime rules make significant changes to the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). They increase from $455 a week to $913 a week the standard salary level used to determine whether executive, administrative, and professional (EAP) employees are eligible to receive overtime. They also include a mechanism to automatically update the standard salary level requirement every three years, beginning on January 1, 2020. However, the rules don’t change any of the existing job duty requirements to qualify for exemption from overtime.
“Arbitrary December Deadline”
In a statement, Rep. Tim Walberg (R-MI), who introduced the bill, claimed that the Department of Labor (DOL) is “forcing those who have to deal with the real-world consequences to make significant changes before an arbitrary December deadline.”
The White House issued a news release stating that “While this bill seeks to delay implementation, the real goal is clear — delay and then deny overtime pay to workers.”
States Challenging Rule
The 21 states in their lawsuit allege that the DOL revisions will be costly to employers and that the department should have looked at the duties test to determine whether changes are needed to the type of work that should be eligible for overtime.
In addition, the suit says that automatically adjusting the salary level every three years without Congressional review violates federal law and disregards current economic conditions.
Business Groups Weigh In
The Chamber of Commerce filed a similar complaint which states that the new salary level is so high that it “is no longer a plausible proxy for the categories exempted by Congress,” and, that as a result, the exemption will effectively be lost for entire categories of EAP employees.
Additional opposition to the overtime rule came from the National Federation of Independent Businesses (NFIB). The group filed a petition also requesting an extension of the compliance deadline to June 1, 2017. Its petition states that large corporations with legal, financial, and personnel resources are more likely to comply with the December deadline than small businesses that lack “specialized compliance personnel and sophisticated timekeeping and payroll systems.”
Taking Time From Other Matters
The NFIB — an independent association that advocates for small businesses — says the only solution for its members is for an owner or manager to spend a substantial amount of time to comprehend and implement the final rule, which takes away from the time that they spend on other business matters.
Juanita Duggan, President of the NFIB says that “many thousands of small business owners will find themselves suddenly out of compliance and in jeopardy of fines and litigation” if the effective date of the final rule is not extended.
Businesses Need to Be Prepared
Despite all of the opposition, the start date for the new rule is still currently scheduled for December 1. Consult with your payroll advisor to help ensure your business is ready to comply with the deadline.